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Regional, State & Local Coalitions

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[Freethought Group Organizers Resources]
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To find a local group, visit the Secular Directory.




American Ethical Union
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The Church of the Apathetic Agnostic
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Atheism, Agnosticism, & Philosophy

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Books & Libraries

Skeptics Annotated Bible
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List of Agnostics




Defining Atheism:
An Excerpt from The Oxford Book of Atheism

Negative and Positive Atheism

About Atheism

An Introduction to Atheism

Atheism 101

Why Not Believe?
Reasons Why Atheists Don't Believe in Gods

Defining Atheism and Religion

Morality and Atheism

List of Atheists

Brights Movement



List of Humanists






Secular Humanism

A Secular Humanist Declaration

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Arguments Aganist Religion and God

Arguments Against God: Atheological Arguments for Atheism

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Skeptic's Annotated Bible

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"The Improbability of God" by Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins: The Root of All Evil

Criticism of Religion

"Bible Contradictions" by Jim Meritt

Bible Contradictions

Bible Contradictions [Visual Interactive Map]

New Testament Contradictions

The Accuracy of the Gospels

Biblical Nonsense

Agnostic Review of Christianity






Inside Scientology

Mysticism and the Paranormal

Talk Origins

Fifteen Answers to Creationist Nonsense

Psychology of Religion

Russell's Teapot

Occam's Razor

Proving a Negative

Arguments against the existence of God

Logical Arguments Against God

God is Imaginary

Truth Saves

Christianity Disproved

Religiosity and Intelligence

Faith and Rationality

Science and Religion

Faith and Reason

Extraordinary Claims Require Extraordinary Evidence

More Reference Material


"Demographics of Atheism" Wikipedia

American Religious Identification Survey - 2008

Pew U.S. Religious Landscape Survey - 2009

"Leaving Religion Behind: A Portrait of Nonreligious America - Nonreligious Americans represent the fastest-growing part of the nation's religious landscape" by Dan Gilgoff, U.S. News and World Report, March 13, 2009

"Survey sees a drift away from religion in America - The percentage of Christians in the US declined, while that of people with 'no religion' almost doubled" by Jane Lampman, The Christian Science Monitor, March 10, 2009

"This Easter, Smaller Percentage of Americans Are Christian" by Frank Newport, Gallup, April 10, 2009

"Catholics on the Move, Non-religious on the Rise" American Religious Identification Survey

RELIGION IN THE WORLD AT THE END OF THE MILLENNIUM - Gallup International Millennium Survey

"Most Religious States Revealed in New Survey" by Jeanna Bryner, LiveScience, March 27, 2012

"Mississippi Most Religious State, Vermont Least Religious" by Frank Newport, Gallup, February 3, 2014

"These Are The Most Godless Cities In America" by Denver Nicks, Time, January 22, 2014

"Belief in God found in decline" UPI, April 18, 2012

"Beliefs about God across Time and Countries" Tom W. Smith, NORC/University of Chicago, April 18, 2012

"Survey: Millennials' Religious Unaffiliation Similar at Faith-Based and Public Colleges" by Michael Gryboski, Christian Post, April 20, 2012

"Belief In God Plummets Among Youth" by Sahil Kapur, TPM, June 13, 2012

"Generation Gaps" by Donald Prothero, June 20 2012

"Survey finds 19% without religious affiliation" by Cathy Lynn Grossman, USA TODAY, July 20, 2012

"U.S. Still Religious, But Trust In Institutions Wanes" NPR, July 28, 2012

"Poll: Majority of Americans would vote for an atheist for president" by Kimberly Winston, Religion News Service, July 27, 2012

"Religiosity Plummets In Ireland And Declines Worldwide; Atheism On The Rise" by Dominique Mosbergen, The Huffington Post, August 8, 2012

"Number of atheists around the world is rising" National Secular Society, August 8, 2012

"Atheism on the Rise in Asian and European Nations, Poll Finds" by Stoyan Zaimov, Christian Post, August 8, 2012

"Atheism on the rise around the globe" by Rieke Havertz, Christian Science Monitor, August 15, 2012

"Global Index of Religion and Atheism" WIN-Gallup International, 2012

"New Study Shows Significant Atheist Military Population" by Jason Torpy, MAAF, August 13, 2012

"Viewpoints: Why is faith falling in the US?" BBC News, August 21, 2012

"'Nones' on the Rise" PEW Research, October 9, 2012

"Pew: 20% of Americans Are Now Atheist, Agnostic or Unaffiliated With a Religion" by Billy Hallowell, The Blaze, October 9, 2012

"One in five Americans reports no religious affiliation, study says" by Michelle Boorstein, Washington Post, October 9, 2012

"Survey: One in five Americans has no religion" by Dan Merica, CNN, October 9, 2012

"'Unaffiliated' becomes third-largest religious group worldwide" by Coleen Harry, WBTV, December 24, 2012

"Yet Another Survey Shows 'Nones' Growth at Record Levels" by Elizabeth Drescher, Religion Dispatches, March 14, 2013

"Religion Among Americans Hits Low Point, As More People Say They Have No Religious Affiliation: Report" by Katherine Bindley, Huffington Post, March 13, 2013

"Americans and Religion Increasingly Parting Ways" ScienceDaily, March 13, 2013

"America Becoming Increasingly 'Post-Christian,' Research Shows" by Jeff Schapiro, Christian Post, April 15, 2013

"'Nones' watch their numbers swell" by Jeremy Fejfar, LaCrosse Tribune, April 14, 2013

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, Annual Report 2013 (USCIRF)

"Growth of the Nonreligious" PEW Research, July 2, 2013

"Atheism Expanding Across Globe" by Jim Newman, Skeptic Money, July 25, 2013

"Religion to Disappear By 2041 Claims New Study" by Rebecca Savastio, Liberty Voice, July 23, 2013

"Only 0.07% Of Prisoners Are Atheists, According To A 2013 Federal Bureau of Prisons Report" NatSkep, July 28, 2013

"What Percentage of Prisoners are Atheists? It's a Lot Smaller Than We Ever Imagined" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, July 16, 2013

"Why are millennials leaving church? Try atheism" by Hemant Mehta, CNN, July 30th, 2013

"Christianity is dying in England, and in France Catholic priests are only preaching to pensioners" by Barry Duke, The Freethinker, August 28, 2013

"Religious 'Nominals' Drifting Away From Mainstream Judaism And Christianity" by Cathy Lynn Grossman, Religion News Service, October 5, 2013

"Is God Dying? - The decline of religion and the rise of the 'nones'" by Michael Shermer, Scientific American, November 19, 2013

"Religion in America's states and counties, in 6 maps" by Niraj Chokshi, Washington Post, December 12, 2013

"Americans' Belief in God, Miracles and Heaven Declines" by Susan Jones, CNS News, December 17, 2013

"Poll: Americans' Belief in God Is Strong--But Declining" by Susan Jones, CNS News, December 17, 2013

"A Fascinating New Poll Shows That Americans Are Losing Faith In God" by Megan Willett, Business Insider, December 17, 2013

"Harris Poll: In the U.S., a Clear Win For Rationality -- Belief In God and Heaven Declines" Harris Poll, December 16, 2013

"Americans' Belief in God, Miracles and Heaven Declines" American Humanist Association, December 16, 2013

"Irish atheists increase by 400 percent in ten years, survey shows" by Patrick Counihan, Irish Central, December 30, 2013

"The Great Decline: 60 years of religion in one graph" by Tobin Grant, Religious News Service, January 27, 2014

"Evangelism In America -- The Impending Fall!" by Phil Ferguson, Skeptic Money, January 26, 2014

"A movement of the irreligious" by Ryan Bell, Patheos, February 7, 2014

"'The Multiplicity Of Sects': New Report Shows U.S. Religious Pluralism Expanding -- Just As The Founders Wanted!" by Sarah Jones, Americans United, February 7, 2014

"Is America losing faith? Atheism on the rise but still in the shadows" by Peter Foster, The Telegraph, February 8, 2014

"America is turning secular much faster than we realise" by Peter Foster, The Telegraph, February 20, 2014

"The dying right: Why Christian fundamentalists are in panic mode" by CJ Werleman, Alternet, February 28, 2014

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, Annual Report 2014 (USCIRF)

"World Poll Finds Striking Connection Between Wealth And Belief In God" by Stephen Calabria, Huffington Post, March 13, 2014

"New Report Shows That Only 36% of Millennials Say 'Religious Person' Describes Them Well" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, March 9, 2014 (Report)

"The destructive myth about religion that Americans disproportionately believe" by CJ Werleman, Alternet, March 18, 2014

"If Trends Continue, Christians Will Soon Dip Below 50% of the Population in Australia" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, April 16, 2014 (Report)

"How the Internet Is Taking Away America's Religion" MIT Technology Review, April 4, 2014

"Bible Society Relabels 'Antagonists' As 'Skeptics'; Hardcore Doubters Are Now As Numerous As True Bible Lovers" by Terry Firma, Friendly Atheist, April 11, 2014

"America Is Losing Its Religion... and We're All Better Off Because of It" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, April 26, 2014

The decline of biblical literalism and the rise of secularism in one chart

"Bible Society Relabels 'Antagonists' As 'Skeptics'; Hardcore Doubters Are Now As Numerous As True Bible Lovers" by Terry Firma, Friendly Atheist, April 11, 2014

"How the Internet Is Taking Away America’s Religion" MIT Technology Review, April 4, 2014

"Is the Internet killing religion?" by Jessica Ravitz, CNN, April 9, 2014

"If Trends Continue, Christians Will Soon Dip Below 50% of the Population in Australia" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, April 16, 2014

"Study: Young Latinos losing faith" by Daniel Burke, CNN, May 7, 2014

"The Shifting Religious Identity of Latinos in the United States" by Daniel Burke, CNN, May 7, 2014

Morality and Societal Health

"Cross-National Correlations of Quantifiable Societal Health with Popular Religiosity and Secularism in the Prosperous Democracies" by Gregory S. Paul, Journal of Religion and Society, 2005

"Societies worse off 'when they have God on their side'" by Ruth Gledhill, UK Times Online, September 27, 2005

"Religious Belief & Societal Health - New Study Reveals that Religion Does Not Lead to a Healthier Society" by Matthew Provonsha, Skeptic, September 2005

"5 Countries That Do It Better: How Sexual Prudery Makes America a Less Healthy and Happy Place" by Alex Henderson, Alternet, April 12, 2012

"What Happens When a Country Gives Up Religion: as Spain Shows, Nothing Much" by Martin Varsavsky, Huffington Post, March 9, 2007

"Baptists have highest divorce rate" The Associated Press, December 30, 1999

"U.S. divorce rates for various faith groups, age groups, & geographic areas"

"Christian Polling Group Finds Atheists Divorce Less Than Christians" David Badash, The New Civil Rights Movement, July 2, 2013

"Atheist Marriages Last Longer Than Christian Marriages, Research Says" by Courtney Nunes, Opposing Views, November 04, 2013

"Surprise! Atheist Marriages May Last Longer Than Christian Ones" by Valerie Tarico, AlterNet, October 30, 2013

"New Study Finds That Divorce Rates Are Higher in Counties with a Greater Concentration of Conservative Christians" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, January 19, 2014

"Red State Babylon" by James Wolcott, Vanity Fair, November 2006

"Walking the Walk on Family Values" by William V. D'Antonio, The Boston Globe, October 31, 2004

"Most Religious States Revealed in New Survey" by Jeanna Bryner, LiveScience, March 27, 2012

"Religiosity and teen birth rate in the United States" by Joseph M Strayhorn and Jillian C Strayhorn; Reproductive Health, September 17, 2009

"Teen birth rates highest in most religious states" by Jeanna Bryner, LiveScience, September 16, 2009

"Teenage birth rates higher in more religious states" Psysorg, September 17, 2009

"Teen moms: Which state has the highest birth rate?" Associated Press, April 10, 2012

"Gallup poll: Religion, intolerance related" UPI, April 7, 2009

"Religiosity and Perceived Intolerance of Gays and Lesbians" Gallup, March 10, 2009

"Research links some scriptures to hostile acts" by Amy Choate-Nielsen, Deseret News, February 27 2007

"Humanity Is Becoming Increasingly Less Violent, with One Exception -- Religious Violence" by CJ Werleman, AlterNet, January 14, 2014

"Only 0.07% Of Prisoners Are Atheists, According To A 2013 Federal Bureau of Prisons Report" NatSkep, July 28, 2013

"What Percentage of Prisoners are Atheists? It's a Lot Smaller Than We Ever Imagined" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, July 16, 2013

"Survey: Support for terror suspect torture differs among the faithful" CNN, April 30, 2009

"Religion and Child Abuse" by Innaiah Narisetti, Center for Inquiry, May 13, 2007

"Study Compares Christian and Non-Christian Lifestyle's" by Audrey Barrick, Christian Today, February 7, 2007

"The likely atheists" by Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi, The Guardian, April 11, 2011

"Atheists Have Stronger Family Values Than Evangelical Christians" by Piper Hoffman, Care2, September 4, 2013

"Are Religious People Really More Generous Than Atheists? A New Study Puts That Myth to Rest" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, November 28, 2013

"Lonely people more likely to believe in God" LiveScience, January 24, 2008

"Evolution, religion, schizophrenia and the schizotypal personality" lecture by Dr. Robert Sapolsky [Video]

"Morality Research Sheds Light On the Origins of Religion" ScienceDaily, February 8, 2010

"Religion not the only path to altruism" by Robin Lloyd, LiveScience, October 27, 2008

"How A Simple Mathematic Formula Is Starting To Explain The Bizarre Prevalence Of Altruism In Society" Psysorg, July 18, 2008

"Dawn of Social Networks: Ancestors May Have Formed Ties With Both Kin and Non-Kin Based On Shared Attributes" ScienceDaily, January 25, 2012

"Evolution Guides Cooperative Turn-Taking, Game Theory-Based Computer Simulations Show" ScienceDaily, July 8, 2009

"Cooperative Behavior Meshes With Evolutionary Theory" ScienceDaily, April 6, 2009

"Religion is a product of evolution, software suggests" by Ewen Callaway, NewScientist, May 27, 2008

"Liars find it more rewarding to tell truth than fib when deceiving others" ScienceDaily, January 23, 2014

"Telling the whole truth may ease feelings of guilt" ScienceDaily, January 23, 2014

"We Help Friends Due to Empathy; Relatives Due to Expectation of Reciprocity" ScienceDaily, March 24, 2008

"Money Buys Happiness When You Spend on Others, Study Shows" ScienceDaily, March 21, 2008

"Consideration For Others Stimulates Positive Behavior" ScienceDaily, March 21, 2008

"Men and Women Cooperate Equally for the Common Good, Study Finds" ScienceDaily, September 22, 2011

"Genetic Similarity Promotes Cooperation" ScienceDaily, April 18, 2012

"Social Scientists Build Case for 'Survival of the Kindest'" ScienceDaily, December 8, 2009

"How Social Interaction and Teamwork Led to Human Intelligence" ScienceDaily, April 19, 2012

"The Chronic Dependence Of Popular Religiosity Upon Dysfunctional Psychosociological Conditions" by Gregory Paul, Evolutionary Psychology Journal, 2009

"The Neural Correlates of Religious and Nonreligious Belief" by Sam Harris, Jonas T. Kaplan, Ashley Curiel, Susan Y. Bookheimer, Marco Iacoboni1, and Mark S. Cohen

"Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment" by Phil Zuckerman [Book]

"Moral Minds - The Nature of Right and Wrong" by Marc D. Hauser [Book]

"Mirroring People - The New Science of How We Connect with Others" by Marco Iacoboni [Book]

"Mirrors in the Brain: How Our Minds Share Actions, Emotions, and Experience" by Giacomo Rizzolatti & Corrado Sinigaglia [Book]

"The Neuroscience of Fair Play - Why We Usually Follow the Golden Rule" by Donald W. Pfaff [Book]

"How the Mind Works" by Steven Pinker [Book]

"The Science of Good and Evil" by Michael Shermer [Book]

"Hardwired Behavior - What Neuroscience Reveals about Morality" by Laurence Tancredi [Book]

"The Moral Animal" by Robert Wright [Book]

"The Evolution of Cooperation" by Robert Axelrod [Book]

"Being Altruistic May Make You Attractive" ScienceDaily, October 14, 2008

"Anthropologists Develop New Approach To Explain Religious Behavior" ScienceDaily, Sepember 9, 2008

"Robin Hood spirit lives in us all" by Will Dunham, Reuters, April 12, 2007

"Ability To Literally Imagine Oneself In Another's Shoes May Be Tied To Empathy" ScienceDaily, June 23, 2009

"Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Thinking about Morality" by Adina Roskies and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Scientific American, July 29, 2008

"If It Feels Good to Be Good, It Might Be Only Natural" by Shankar Vedantam, Washington Post, May 28, 2007

"Emory Brain Imaging Studies Reveal Biological Basis For Human Cooperation" ScienceDaily, July 18, 2002

"People Behave Socially and 'Well' Even Without Rules, Online Avatar Study Shows" ScienceDaily, January 16, 2012

"Science of the Soul? 'I Think, Therefore I Am' Is Losing Force" by Cornelia Dean, June 26, 2007

"The soul? It may all be in your mind" by Rich Barlow, Boston Globe, October 18, 2008

"Good Behavior, Religiousness May Be Genetic" ScienceDaily, April 6, 2007

"It seems biology (not religion) equals morality" by Marc Hauser, The Age, December 2, 2009

"The Moral Instinct" by Steven Pinker, New York Times, January 13, 2008

"Moral thinking" The Economist, February 21, 2008

"Brains Are Hardwired To Act According To The Golden Rule" ScienceDaily, March 21, 2008

"Are Humans Hardwired For Fairness?" ScienceDaily, April 16, 2008

"Born Nice? Peoples' Niceness May Reside in Their Genes, Study Finds" ScienceDaily, April 10, 2012

"We're in This Together: A Pathbreaking Investigation Into the Evolution of Cooperative Behavior" ScienceDaily, November 19, 2012

"Human Brains Are Hardwired for Empathy, Friendship" ScienceDaily, August 22, 2013

"Anthropologists Study the Genesis of Reciprocity in Food Sharing" ScienceDaily, August 20, 2013

"Just Thinking about Science Triggers Moral Behavior" by Piercarlo Valdesolo, Scientific American, August 27, 2013

"Hard-Wired for Giving" by Elizabeth Svoboda, Wall Street Journal, August 31, 2013

"From extortion to generosity, evolution in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma" by Alexander J. Stewart and Joshua B. Plotkin, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, April 3, 2013

"Generosity leads to evolutionary success" Archaeology News Network, September 02, 2013

"Generosity Leads to Evolutionary Success, Biologists Show" ScienceDaily, September 2, 2013

"Radical New View of Health: Stem Cells Are Wired for Cooperation, Down to the DNA" ScienceDaily, September 12, 2013

"Can a molecule make us moral?" by Paul Zak, CNN, December 27, 2011

"Neurological Support for Adam Smith's 'Theories of Morality'" ScienceDaily, April 9, 2012

"Be Good Now, Or Else" by Steve Mitchell, AAAS, October 3, 2007

"Brain Injury Said to Affect Moral Choices" by Benedict Cary, New York Times, March 22, 2007

"Justice In The Brain: Equity And Efficiency Are Encoded Differently" ScienceDaily, May 8, 2008

"Revealing The Origins Of Morality -- Good And Evil, Liberal And Conservative" ScienceDaily, May 17, 2007

"Dacher Keltner on the Evolutionary Roots of Compassion" Greater Good Science Center, July 28, 2012

"It Actually Is Better (and Healthier) to Give Than to Receive, Study Finds" ScienceDaily, February 4, 2013

"In Rich and Poor Nations, Giving Makes People Feel Better Than Getting, Research Finds" ScienceDaily, February 21, 2013

"Busting the Myth That Christians Are More Generous Than Non-Believers" by Valerie Tarico, Alternet, February 5, 2013

"New Study Suggests Religion May Help Criminals Justify Their Crimes" by Justin Peters, Slate, March 8, 2013

"The Moral Life of Babies" by Paul Bloom, New York Times, May 5, 2010

"Babies Show Sense of Fairness, Altruism as Early as 15 Months" ScienceDaily, October 7, 2011

"Babies Picky About Who They Imitate" by Remy Melina, Live Science, December 11, 2011

"Babies Know What's Fair" ScienceDaily, February 18, 2012

"Infants Show Ability to Tell Friends from Foes" ScienceDaily, January 8, 2014

"Children Are Naturally Prone To Be Empathic And Moral" ScienceDaily, July 11, 2008

"Giving Makes Young Children Happy" ScienceDaily, June 19, 2012

"Born good? Babies help unlock the origins of morality" CBS News, November 18, 2012

"Is your child fair when no one is watching?" CBS News, November 18, 2012

"Babies Can Read Each Other's Moods, Study Finds" ScienceDaily, June 27, 2013

"Wild Justice - The Moral Lives of Animals" by Marc Beroff and Jessica Pierce [Book]

"The Age of Empathy - Nature's Lessons For a Kinder Society" by Frans de Waal [Book]

"Primates and Philosophers - How Morality Evolved" by Frans de Waal [Book]

"Animals can tell right from wrong" by Richard Gray, The Telegraph, May 23, 2009

"How Baboons Think (Yes, Think)" by Nicholas Wade, New York Times, October 9, 2007

"Monkeys Enjoy Giving To Others, Study Finds" ScienceDaily, August 25, 2008

"Monkeys show sense of justice" by Dr David Whitehouse, BBC News, September 17, 2003

"Monkeys go out on a limb to show gratitude" by Janelle Weaver, Nature, January 12, 2010

"Do Monkeys Know What Others Need?" ScienceDaily, April 12, 2012

"How Cooperation Can Trump Competition in Monkeys" ScienceDaily, July 4, 2012

"'When in Rome': Monkeys Found to Conform to Social Norms" by ScienceDaily, April 25, 2013

"Chimpanzees Help Each Other On Request But Not Voluntarily" ScienceDaily, October 14, 2009

"Chimpanzees Are Spontaneously Generous After All, Study Shows" ScienceDaily, August 8, 2011

"Chimpanzees Have Police Officers, Too" ScienceDaily, March 7, 2012

"Chimpanzees Create 'Social Traditions': Unique Handclasp Grooming Behavior Reveals Local Difference" ScienceDaily, August 28, 2012

"Chimpanzees and Bonobos May Reveal Clues to Evolution of Favor Exchange in Humans" ScienceDaily, November 20, 2012

"Chimpanzees Show Similar Personality Traits to Humans" ScienceDaily, May 6, 2014

"Mama gorilla won't let go of her dead baby" Associated Press, August 20, 2008

"Living with humans has taught dogs morals, say scientists" Daily Mail, August 21, 2008

"Dog braves traffic to stick by fatally struck pal" Associated Press, April 14, 2012

"Meerkat Predator-Scanning Behavior Is Altruistic, Research Suggests" by Dave Niose, ScienceDaily, February 4, 2013

"Rats influenced by the kindness of strangers", July 6, 2007

"Rats to the Rescue in Cage Experiment" by Sindya N. Bhanoo, New York Times, December 9, 2011

"Empathy and Pro-Social Behavior in Rats" by Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal1/Jean Decety/Peggy Mason, AAAS, December 9, 2011

"Altruism In Social Insects Is A Family Affair" ScienceDaily, May 29, 2008

"Kamikaze bacteria illustrate evolution of co-operation" by James Morgan, Nature, August 20, 2008

"Close Family Ties Keep Microbial Cheaters in Check, Study Finds" ScienceDaily, December 16, 2011

"(Un)wired For God" Newsweek, Aug 12, 2009

"Creating God in one's own image" Discover Magazine, November 30, 2009

"Creating God In One's Own Image" ScienceBlogs, November 30, 2009

"Dear God, please confirm what I already believe" by Andy Coghlan, NewScientist, November 30, 2009

"Believers' estimates of God's beliefs are more egocentric than estimates of other people's beliefs" by Nicholas Epleya/Benjamin A. Conversea/Alexa Delboscb/George A. Monteleonec/John T. Cacioppo, Columbia University, New York, NY, and approved October 21, 2009 (received for review July 27, 2009)

"Analytic Thinking Can Decrease Religious Belief, Study Shows" by Chelsea Hoffman, Gather, May 1, 2012

"Religious People Less Driven By Compassion Than Are Atheists And Agnostics, Study Says" by LiveScience, May 1, 2012

"Atheists more generous than religious when helping others: study" by Erik Ortiz, New York Daily News, May 4, 2012

Offical and Social Discrimination

"Attack On North Carolina Candidate Focuses Attention On State Constitutional Bans On Nonbelievers In Public Office" by Rob Boston, Americans United, February 2010

"Americans Today Much More Accepting of a Woman, Black, Catholic, or Jew As President - Still Reluctant to Vote for Atheists or Homosexuals" by Frank Newport, Gallup News Service, March 29, 1999

"Likely Voters National Opinion Survey" by Rasmussen Reports, November 15-16, 2006 [60% of voters said they would never consider voting for an Atheist presidential candidate]

"Some Americans Reluctant to Vote for Mormon, 72-Year-Old Presidential Candidates [Least Likely to Vote for Atheists]" by Jeffrey M. Jones, February 20, 2007

"Atheists, Muslims See Most Bias as Presidential Candidates" by Jeffrey M. Jones, Gallup, June 21, 2012

"Atheists, Muslims See Most Bias as Presidential Candidates" by Jeffrey M. Jones, Gallup, June 21, 2012

"More Than 50% of Americans Would Vote for an Atheist Presidential Candidate -- But Would You?" by Billy Hallowelk, The Blaze, June 24, 2012

"Atheists have chance of becoming president" by Michael McGuire, The Examiner, June 23, 2012

"Even an Increasingly Godless America Doesn't Trust an Atheist to Run the Country" by PZ Myers, Time, May 22, 2014

"Military Service Top Positive, Atheism Top Negative for Potential Candidates" PEW, May 19, 2014

"Atheists as 'Other': Moral Boundaries and Cultural Membership in American Society" by Penny Edgell, Joseph Gertis, and Douglas Hartmann, University of Minnesota, Janurary 29, 2007

"Atheists About As Trustworthy As Rapists, To The Faithful" by Shannon McKarney, Care2, December 4, 2011

"Do you believe in atheists? Distrust is central to anti-atheist prejudice" by Will M. Gervais/Azim F. Shariff/Ara Norenzayan, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 101(6), December 2011 (PDF)

"Americans Intuitively Judge Atheists as Immoral" by Tom Jacobs, Pacific Standard, April 15, 2014

"Everything Is Permitted? People Intuitively Judge Immorality as Representative of Atheists" by Will M. Gervais, PLOS, April 9, 2014

"Reminders of secular authority reduce believers' distrust of atheists" Medical Press, April 18, 2012

"Half of Americans don't want atheist in-laws" by Sara Grossman, CNN, June 24, 2014

"Poll finds Americans' growing tolerance stops at atheists" by Danny Westneat, Seattle Times, June 21, 2014

"Outrageous Attacks on Supporters of Church-State Separation: Death Threats, Murdered Pets, and Vandalized Property by Adam Lee, Alternet, May 6, 2013

"Atheists, Humanists Suffer Persecution World Wide, Report" by Robert Evans, Reuters, December 10, 2012

"Would You Know Atheist Discrimination If You Saw It?" by Dave Niose, Psychology Today, December 19, 2012

"Inside the Military's Campaign to Make Its Soldiers Christian - Part 1" by Drew Miller, Policy.Mic, September 4, 2013

"Inside the Military's Campaign to Make Its Soldiers Christian - Part 2" by Drew Miller, Policy.Mic, September 5, 2013

"Inside the Military's Campaign to Make Its Soldiers Christian - Part 3" by Drew Miller, Policy.Mic, September 5, 2013

"Old Testament Armed Forces" by Philip Giraldi, The American Conservative, February 12, 2014

"Study: Atheists Face Global Discrimination" by Kharunya Paramaguru, Time, December 10, 2013

"New Report Details the Worst Countries in the World in Which to be an Atheist" by Hemant Mehta, Friendly Atheist, December 10, 2013

"You can be put to death for atheism in 13 countries around the world" International Humanist and Ethical Union, December 10, 2013

"Imprisonment for Blasphemy and Religious Dissent Around the World Detailed in New Report" by Paul Fidalgo, Friendly Atheist, December 30, 2013

MAP: Where offending a religion could get you executed

"Saudi Arabia declares all atheists are terrorists in new law to crack down on political dissidents" by Adam Withnall, The Independent, April 1, 2014

Separation of Church and State

The U.S. Constitution - transcript

The Bill of Rights - transcript

Treaty of Tripoli - transcript (see Article 11)

Treaty of Tripoli

Little-Known U.S. Document Signed by President Adams Proclaims America's Government Is Secular

The Separation of Church and State - introduction

U.S. Supreme Court Decisions

Is America a Christian Nation?

It's a free country, not a Christian nation

The Constitutional Principle: Separation of Church and State

Quotations that Support the Separation of State and Church

James Madison on Separation of Church and State

Church-State Separation - Issues

Church-State Separation - Other Historical Documents

Thomas Jefferson: Draft for a Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom in Virginia, 1779

Thomas Jefferson: Letter to the Danbury Baptists (Draft Version), 1802

Thomas Jefferson: Letter to the Danbury Baptists (Final Version), 1802

James Madison on Separation of Church and State

James Madison: Memorial and Remonstrance, 1785

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Thomas Paine's Age of Reason

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In God We Trust

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The Jefferson Bible

School Prayer

Theocracy Watch: The Faith-Based Initiative

Theological Updates


"Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: A multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer" by Herbert Benson, MDal, Jeffery A. Dusek, PhDal, Jane B. Sherwood, RNm, Peter Lam, PhDm, Charles F. Bethea, MDb, William Carpenter, MDivc, Sidney Levitsky, MDd, Peter C. Hill, MDe, Donald W. Clem Jr., MAf, Manoj K. Jain, MD, MPHg, David Drumel, MDivgh, Stephen L. Kopecky, MDi, Paul S. Mueller, MDj, Dean Marekk, Sue Rollins, RN, MPHb, Patricia L. Hibberd, MD,PhDlm, American Heart Journal, received 5 January 2005; accepted 6 May 2005

"Long-Awaited Medical Study Questions the Power of Prayer" by Benedict Carey, New York Times, March 31, 2006

"Study calls prayer for sick people ineffective Rate of problems after surgery unchanged by act" by Rob Stein, Washington Post, March 31, 2006

Science and Reason


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Physical Cosmology

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Formation and Evolution of the Solar System

History of the Earth



Fossil Record

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Prisoner's Dilemma


Positive Atheism's Big List of Quotations

Quotations of Freethought and Religion

Great Freethinker Quotes

Thinking Quotes

Other Documents and Reference

"U.S. Religious Knowledge Survey [Atheists and agnostics score best on survey]" Pew Research Center, September 28, 2010

"Distinct 'God Spot' in the Brain Does Not Exist, Study Shows" ScienceDaily, April 19, 2012

"Losing Your Religion: Analytic Thinking Can Undermine Belief" by Marina Krakovsky, Scientific American, April 26, 2012

"Analytic Thinking Can Decrease Religious Belief, Study Shows" ScienceDaily, April 26, 2012

"Study challenges tax exemption for religious organizations" by Kimberly Winston, Religion News Service, June 16, 2012

"Religious and Nonreligious Dreamers" by Kelly Bulkeley, The Huffington Post, September 19, 2013

"The Religious Right's Nightmare Before Christmas: Poll Finds Increasing Percentage Of Americans View Dec. 25 As A Secular Holiday" by Simon Brown, Americans United, December 17, 2013

"Survey | Americans Shift Preference for 'Happy Holidays' over 'Merry Christmas'" Public Religion Research Institute, December 17, 2013

"'Merry Christmas' or 'Happy Holidays'?" by Michael Lipka, Pew Research Center, December 12, 2013

"Do You Believe? Americans Less Likely to Believe in Historical Accuracy of Christmas Story Than a Decade Ago" by Robert P. Jones, The Huffington Post, December 17, 2013

Big Religion Chart



Rationalist Movement

"Descent of Man" by Charles Darwin (1871)

"The Origin of Species" by Charles Darwin (1872)

Historical Documents - Author Index (writings before 1970)

Modern Documents - Author Index (writings after 1970)

Biographies and Archives

Secular Web Reference Desk

Godless Links

The Council of Orange (529)

Amsterdam Declaration

American Secular Union

God Finder

"The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis" by Gregory S. Paul

Winter Solstice Celebrations

History Channel: History of Christmas - Christmas Trees

All About the Christmas Tree

Religious Texts & Reference